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The prevalence and impact of bullying in educational settings

By Gemma A. Grecia

In earlier years, the term “bullying” was relatively obscure, yet the practice of bullying has been a global phenomenon for generations. Today, this term has gained widespread recognition, especially in the context of educational environments, where it is associated with negative behaviors. Bullying is defined as the deliberate act of causing harm to an individual, whether through verbal, nonverbal, or physical means. It encompasses various forms, including name-calling, gestures, or written derogatory remarks, extending beyond physical confrontations. The scope of bullying has expanded to encompass a broader range of behaviors, necessitating corresponding penalties to address this issue. Bullying can have profound and lasting effects on students, and it is crucial for everyone within the school community to comprehend the severe consequences of such behavior.

Research indicates that bullying significantly impacts students’ academic performance. When students are treated unfairly by teachers or peers, they become less inclined to actively participate in classroom activities, experience a decline in self-confidence, and develop a persistent belief that they are undesirable social companions. These negative perceptions can disrupt their focus on learning, as their primary concern becomes avoiding instances of bullying.

It is well-established that recurrent absences from school due to bullying lead to poor academic outcomes. The simple act of name-calling or teasing can rob a student of their potential for a brighter future. Such experiences deprive them of the opportunity to discover their own capabilities and contribute to society as responsible citizens. The resulting poor attendance inevitably leads to subpar academic performance and, in some cases, contributes to the alarming phenomenon of student dropouts. These students may find themselves disengaged, potentially engaging in unproductive activities, and squandering their opportunities for a better future. The prevention and management of bullying in educational institutions is a responsibility that must be embraced by all educators, as it is a critical facet of nurturing a humane and conducive learning environment.


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